Town Of Whitestown
 Stormwater Management 

Whitestown street sweeping

Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations

The Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping minimum control measure focuses activities on ensuring that municipal facilities and operations are managed in ways that will minimize contamination to stormwater discharges emanating from these facilities. Facilities may include, but are not limited to, municipally owned or operated buildings, campuses, parks, public works facilities, and infrastructure. Various operation and maintenance activities addressed may include, but are not limited to: street and bridge maintenance; road salt storage and application; vehicle and fleet maintenance; stormwater system maintenance; solid waste management; park and open space maintenance; and pesticide and fertilizer applications.


MS4s are encouraged to consider the following components when developing their pollution prevention and good housekeeping programs: 1) management practices, policies and procedures; 2) prioritization of efforts based on geographic areas of concern, potential to improve water quality, facilities or operations in most need of improvement, and the regulated community's capabilities; 3) employee training on how best to incorporate pollution prevention/good housekeeping techniques into municipal operations; and 4) requiring municipal contractors to also implement pollution prevention and good housekeeping practices.


In addition to developing an overall Municipal Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping program, the State's stormwater permit program specifically requires the regulated community to assess and evaluate their facilities and operations and, if necessary, implement changes to help ensure a reduction in the amount and type of pollutants in stormwater. To accomplish this, regulated communities are required to perform self-assessments of municipal operations and facilities at least once every three years. Extensive guidance documents exist that describe various methodologies and considerations for conducting such assessments.


In certain areas that have current Watershed Improvement Strategies and/or Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) requirements, the regulated community may also be required to develop additional policies and procedures for: a stormwater conveyance system inspection and maintenance program; a turf management practices and procedures policy; a pet waste management program; and/or a goose population management program.


Additionally, those municipal operations and facilities that would otherwise be subject to the Multisector General Permit for industrial stormwater discharges may be required to perform additional monitoring and record keeping activities, and develop a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan for each facility. These additional requirements are more specifically described in the State's Multisector stormwater permit.

Selected Activities and BMPs:

To meet the Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping program requirements, the MS4 has selected the following Best Management Practices (BMP's) and activities to ensure the reduction of all pollutants of concern (POC) in stormwater discharges to the maximum extent practicable.

Municipal Facilities and Operations Assessment

Description of BMP/Activity:
The regulated MS4 is required to develop a program and conduct facility and operations self-assessments to determine the sources of pollutants potentially generated by each facility and/or operation. Municipal procedures and policies may also be evaluated and may lead to changes or improvements that will help to reduce pollution. The municipal operations assessment can be a relatively simple self-assessment that uses readily available information or can be a more in-depth program that relies on input from a variety of municipal staff and a detailed assessment of each municipal activity.
Staff, Agency, and/or Organization Reponsible for Completing this Activity:
Frequency of Activity:
  • Program Development: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
  • Implementation: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
Status - Program Development:
[X] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[ ] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.
Status - Implementation:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.

Street Sweeping Program

Description of BMP/Activity:

Streets and parking areas can contribute a number of substances to stormwater runoff, such as trash, suspended solids, and oil and grease. A street sweeping program is intended to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants from roadways, streets, and parking areas.

 

The Town of Whitestown maintains and utlizes street sweeping equipment for the purpose of cleaning sediment from the Town roads.  In addition to as-needed street sweeping during the summer and fall months, and aggressive late winter/early spring road pavement and shoulder cleaning program by the Highway Department removes accumulated winter sand.  This program aids in improving the function of the road side drainage system.

Staff, Agency, and/or Organization Reponsible for Completing this Activity:
Frequency of Activity:
  • Program Development: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
  • Implementation: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
Status - Program Development:
[X] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[ ] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.
Status - Implementation:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.

Deicing Materials Application and Storage Program

Description of BMP/Activity:

Stormwater can become contaminated when road salt or similar materials wash off or dissolve into water after application, during handling and mixing, or from uncovered storage areas. A road salt storage and application program may address activities such as material delivery and storage procedures, material application schedule, calibration of equipment, minimizing the storage of materials on-site, enclosing or covering materials, storing materials in designated areas, installing secondary containment or proper drainage systems, conducting regular inspections, use of alternative materials; and/or training of employees and subcontractors.

 

The Town of Whitestown stores its road salt in a Gambrel-style salt storage structure at the highway garage on Westmoreland Road.

 

Equipment is regularly maintained and inspected by the Town's "Central Garage" mechanics with repairs conducted on an as-needed basis.

Staff, Agency, and/or Organization Reponsible for Completing this Activity:
Frequency of Activity:
  • Program Development: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
  • Implementation: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
Status - Program Development:
[X] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[ ] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.
Status - Implementation:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.

Greenwaste Management Program

Description of BMP/Activity:

Landscape maintenance and lawn care at municipal facilities may involve activities associated with vegetation removal; mowing; pruning; leaf collection; and other similar practices. All of these maintenance activities have the potential to contribute pollutants to the storm drain system. The major objectives of a greenwaste management program are to prevent the disposal of greenwaste (grass clippings, leaves, etc) into the storm drain system, and to educate employees on proper disposal methods.

 

The Town of Whitestown has an active greenwaste cleanup and disposal program.  From mid-spring through late fall, the Highway Department picks up branches, leaves, etc...) on a weekly basis with the collected greenwaste composted at the Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Authority's facility in Utica.

Staff, Agency, and/or Organization Reponsible for Completing this Activity:
Frequency of Activity:
  • Program Development: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
  • Implementation: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
Status - Program Development:
[X] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[ ] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.
Status - Implementation:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.

Spill Response Program

Description of BMP/Activity:
Spills and leaks, if not properly controlled, can adversely impact the storm drain system and receiving waters. Due to the type of work or the materials involved, many activities that occur either at a municipal facility or as a part of municipal field operations have the potential for accidental spills and leaks. Proper spill response planning and preparation can enable municipal employees to effectively respond to problems when they occur and minimize the discharge of pollutants to the environment. An effective spill response and control plan often includes: spill/leak prevention measures; spill response procedures; spill cleanup procedures; reporting; and training. More specifically, the plan may include: a description of the facility (including the address, activities and materials involved, and identification of key spill response personnel on-site); material handling procedures; and spill response procedures
Staff, Agency, and/or Organization Reponsible for Completing this Activity:
Frequency of Activity:
  • Program Development: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
  • Implementation: Single Occurrence (Includes Updates As Needed)
Status - Program Development:
[X] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[ ] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.
Status - Implementation:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.

Pet Waste Management Program

Description of BMP/Activity:

Pet waste can be a major source of pathogens and excess nutrients in stormwater.  It is also a nuisance to neighbors and business owners, not to mention runners/walkers who use the Town's extensive sidewalk and pedestrian trail system.

 

A pet waste management program can reduce or prevent pet waste material from entering stormwater conveyance systems. Such a program may consist of: public education; prohibition of animals at municipal facilities; and/or ordinances requiring owners to clean-up and properly dispose of pet wastes - especially on municipally owned property and in parks.

 

The Town of Whitestown reminds pet owners of the importance of cleaning up pet waste.  The Town has installed pet waste disposal bag dispensers and garbage containers along the several miles of Town sidewalks and pedestrian trails for use by pet owners.

Staff, Agency, and/or Organization Reponsible for Completing this Activity:
Frequency of Activity:
  • Program Development: As Needed
  • Implementation: As Needed
Status - Program Development:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.
Status - Implementation:
[ ] Completed - This activity has been completed
[ ] Short-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the current reporting year.
[ ] Long-Term - This activity will be accomplished within the 3 to 5 year permit cycle.
[X] On-Going - This activity will be undertaken throughout all years of the permit.

Measurable Goals:

Regulated communities are required to collect and report information about the development and implementation of their stormwater program. Specific information that the MS4 is required to collect is included in the Annual Report and reflected in related Self-Assessments. MS4s are, however, encouraged to identify "Measurable Goals" that will help them evaluate accomplishments and progress over time. The following "Measurable Goals" have been specifically identified for this Minimum Control Measure:

  • Miles of streets swept
  • Acres of parking lots swept
  • Number of catch basins inspected
  • Number of catch basins cleaned
  • Number of post-construction practices inspected
  • Number of post-construction practices cleaned
  • Pounds of phosphorous and/or nitrogen applied in fertilizers
  • Pounds of pesticide and/or herbicide applied
  • Number of training events
  • Number of employees at training programs
Program Accomplishments:

Activities and BMPs that have been accomplished to date for this Minimum Control Measure are included within the required MS4 Stormwater Annual Report form and Municipal Compliance Certification. Copies of these documents can be found at the following link (Annual Reports). Copies of various documents and specific products relating to this minimum control measure are included under "Related Documents".


A summary of the effectiveness of this program, associated BMPs, activities and an assessment of measurable goals can be found under the heading "Program Reporting and Effectiveness".

Other Related Documents:
2010 Litter Pick Up (PDF - 57.4 KB)
Images:
Shoulder cleaning - winter sand clean up
Winter sand clean up
Winter sand clean up - photo 2
Winter sand clean up - loading
Winter sand clean up - hauling
Pet waste bag dispensers installed along the town's sidewalk/trail system.
Pet waste/garbage containers built by Town of Whitestown