The Town of Whitestown is located in the Mohawk River Valley northwest of and adjacent to the City of Utica. The Town is primarily residential in nature although some commercial development exists.
The Town includes the Villages of Whitesboro, Oriskany, Yorkville and part of New York Mills which are regulated separately by the State as MS4s. Various school districts are also located within the Town including the Whitesboro School District with a high school, junior high school and four elementary buildings. Smaller sections of the Town are served by the Oriskany Central School District, Westmoreland Central School District, and the New York Mills Union Free School District.